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Flamenco, Spanish music and dance typical of the Gypsy, or gitano. Flamenco dancing characterized by colorful costumes, intense and erotic movements, stamping feet (zapateado), clapping of the hands (palmada); brilliant, noisy, and passionate. Flamenco music originated in the early 19th cent. from the canto hondo of Andalusia, a highly emotional and tragic type of song accompanied by a guitar. By the mid-19th cent. flamenco had become a generally popular entertainment form, and it subsequently flourished, both in its pure form and with the addition of elements from ballet, folk music, jazz, and other forms.